Champa

ISBN-13 : 9782855392691

ISSN : 1269-8067

Width : 27.5 cm

Height : 18.5 cm

Weight : 1.3 kg

Number of pages : 448

Distributor : EFEO Diffusion

Geography : Vietnam, Champa

Language : Anglais

Place : Paris

Support : Papier

Description :

18.5 x 27.5 cm, 448 p., Ill., Maps, English

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Abstract

In the past quarter century, Champa scholarship has been seeking ways out of the interpretative framework inherited from Georges Maspero’s Le royaume de Champa, which portrayed Champa as a unitary king-dom of provinces ruled by “absolute” kings. Scholars have since been working to revise this portrait, to de-velop new thinking about the way the kingdom and its territories were structured, and also to critique Mas-pero’s decision to end his history of Champa with the 1471 capture of the Chà Bàn citadel and fall of Vijaya. Much new data has been produced in recent decades, thanks especially to the access to Champa field sites enjoyed since the 1990s by international scholars under Vietnam’s open door policy, and to the resources for research and discussion now available to Vietnamese scholars. Several long-term joint projects have, more-over, brought Vietnamese and overseas expertise to bear on archaeological sites or collections of docu-ments related to Champa.

The production of knowledge about Champa is thus thriving. The result is an incremental, multi-disciplinary mosaic of information on Champa’s past. Some of this scholarship was published in two recent volumes: Champa and the Archaeology of Mỹ Sơn (Hardy et al. 2009) and The Cham of Vietnam (Trần Kỳ Phương & Lockhart 2011). The present volume stands in the same tradition, as a book of ground-breaking data that contributes to the renewal of Cham-pa studies.

As these data are gradually sorted, new patterns that transform our understanding of Champa are be-coming discernible. One of the most striking pertains to maps. This book offers a new framework for gen-eral discussion of Champa’s space, and several new maps that amount to a template for cartographical rep-resentations of the kingdom and its territories at spe-cific historical moments. Another contribution of this volume is the publication of new data that yield ground-breaking insights into the nature of Champa’s presence in the highlands.

Part I of the book focuses on the territories that constituted Champa, making use of data from recent excavations, archaeological and ethnographic surveys, inscriptions, and Cham-language manuscripts from the post-1471 period.

In Part II, we turn to Champa as a kingdom, using data from epigraphy and Vietnamese chronicles, but also from architectural-archaeological study of a royal temple foundation at Mỹ Sơn. Three authors present new data and analysis of the Champa kingdom in the 15th century, grappling with the issue of the king-dom’s tendency toward fragmentation and eventual decline.

Part III focusses on the regional connectedness of Champa. These include diplomatic and cultural ex-changes with China and India, artistic and trading rela-tions with mainland Southeast Asian countries, and language links with the Malay World.

Table of contents

Preface: Frameworks of Champa History
Arlo GRIFFITHS, Andrew HARDY & Geoff WADE
 
Map 1. The Territories of Champa
 
Part I. Territories
 
Champa Settlements of the First Millennium: New Archaeological Research
LÂM THỊ MỸ DUNG
 
The Development of Regional Centres in Champa, Viewed from Recent Archaeological Advances in Central Vietnam
YAMAGATA Mariko, NGUYỄN KIM DUNG & BÙI CHÍ HOÀNG
 
The Archaeological Territories of Champa in Quảng Nam and Phú Yên: Two New Maps
Federico BAROCCO, NGUYỄN TIẾN ĐÔNG & Andrew HARDY
 
Map 2. Principal Sites of the Champa Territory in Quảng Nam Province
 
Map 3. Principal Sites of the Champa Territory in Phú Yên Province
 
The Place of ‘Upper Campā’ in Southeast Asia, through Jaya Harivarman’s Inscriptions (Mid 12th Century)
Amandine LEPOUTRE
 
Map 4. Highland and Lowland Territories of Central Champa (15th Century): Vijaya (Bình Định), Madhyamagrāma (Ayun Pa),
Kauṭhāra (Nha Trang),Pāṇḍuraṅga (Phan Rang)
 
An Introduction to Cham Law, Based on 18th-Century Legal Documents from the Panduranga Royal Archives
Thérèse GUYOT-BECKER
 
The Peoples of Champa: Evidence for a New Hypothesis from the Landscape History of Quảng Ngãi
Andrew HARDY & NGUYỄN TIẾN ĐÔNG
 
Map 5. The Rivers and Long Wall of Quảng Ngãi
 
Part II. Kingdom
 
Was the Early History of Campā Really Revised? A Reassessment of the Classical Narratives of Linyi and the 6th–8th-Century Campā Kingdom
Anton O. ZAKHAROV
 
Architectural Evidence for the Chronology of a Temple’s Construction: Mỹ Sơn G1 and its Annex
Mara LANDONI
 
The Fall of Vijaya in 1471: Decline or Competition? Campā in the 15th Century
John K. WHITMORE
 
Études du corpus des inscriptions du Campā, VI: Epigraphical Texts and Sculptural Steles Produced under the Vīrabhadravarmadevas of 15th-Century Campā
Arlo GRIFFITHS
 
Map 6. Inscriptions of the Champa Kingdom (15th Century)
 
Champa, Integrating Kingdom: Mechanisms of Political Integration in a Southeast Asian Segmentary State (15th Century)
Andrew HARDY
 
Part III. Regional Networks
 
Campā in the Ming Reign Annals (Ming shi-lu) 14th–17th Centuries
Geoff WADE
 
Revisiting the Expansion of the Chamic Language Family: Acehnese and Tsat
Marc BRUNELLE
 
Cultural Connections and Shared Origins between Campā and Dvāravatī: A Comparison of Common Artistic and Architectural Motifs, ca. 7th–10th Centuries CE
Stephen A. MURPHY
 
Map 7. Overland Route from the Mekong to the Coast
 
The Discovery of Late Angkorian Khmer Sculptures at Campā Sites and the Overland Trade Routes between Campā and Cambodia
William A. SOUTHWORTH & TRẦN KỲ PHƯƠNG
 
Ðồng Dương Temple Iconography: Study of a Pedestal with Māra
Pierre BAPTISTE
 
Pride and Penitence of an Anti-Hero: Rāvaṇānugraha as Motif and Metaphor in India and Campā
Parul Pandya DHAR
 
References
Index
Authors
Maps

About the collection

Études thématiques

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About the editor

Griffiths (Arlo)

New York, 1976

EFEO member since 2008

Having been trained in Indology (with a focus on Sanskrit) at

the University of Leiden and at Harvard, Arlo Griffiths began his academic career with a doctoral fellowship from the Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research that allowed him to pursue research in Vedic philology. His research focused on the Paippalāda tradition of the Atharvaveda, still alive in Orissa (India) to this day. In the field, he learned the (Indo-Aryan) Oriya language, and started being interested in non-brahmanicak traditions. In the margin of his doctoral research, he was able to do some work in the domain of descriptive linguistics of the tribal languages of the region, particularly those belonging to the so-called 'Munda' branch of the Austroasiatic family. While still remaining active as Indologist with a specialty in Vedic studies, the focus of his recherch gradually shifted to Southeast Asia, first and foremost the epigraphical documents in Sanskrit and in vernacular languages, both Austroasiatic and Austronesian (Old Khmer, Old Cham, Old Javanese). His research priority is the publication of so far unstudied manuscripts and epigraphical documents, in the form of critical editions, and their exploitation from the historical point of view.

Having obtained the doctorate at Leiden University in 2004, Arlo Griffiths was immediately appointed lecturer in Indian Religions at the University of Groningen. The next year, in 2005, he returned to Leiden, having been appointed to the Chair of Sanskrit. He joined the EFEO in 2008, and has been posted at his branch in Jakarta since January 2009.

Hardy (Andrew)

Historian of Vietnam, Andrew Hardy is head of the EFEO's centre in Hanoi. After his BA in history at the University of Cambridge (1987), his interest in the history of Vietnam led him to pursue his studies at the Université de Paris 7, where he wrote MA (1991) and DEA (1993) dissertations under the supervision of Daniel Hémery. His PhD on Vietnamese migration was supervised by David Marr at the Australian National University. His doctoral thesis (1999), published under the title Red Hills (2003), focused on the relationship between migrants and the State in Vietnamese lowland-upland migration.

During his stay at the National University of Singapore, as post-doctoral fellow and assistant professor (1999-2002), he became interested in twentieth-century relations between Viet migrants from the plains and ethnic minorities in the highlands.

After joining the EFEO in 2002, his research looked at the history of the Vietnamese southward expansion and Vietnam-Champa relations. Since 2005, this focus has led him to study the Long Wall of Quang Ngai, a monument measuring 127 km (designated Vietnamese national heritage in 2011). Of relatively recent construction (1819), the wall allows multi-disciplinary research on relations between the Viet and the Hrê ethnic minority during the eighteenth to twentieth centuries and Vietnam-Champa relations during the preceding centuries. The project is a cooperation between the Vietnam Institute of Archaeology (Vietnam Academy of Social Sciences) with the participation of a team of European and Vietnamese researchers and students.

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